Formal education in the district is carried out at nursery, primary and secondary school levels. There are also literacy teaching centers that teach people how to read and write. Tertiary and techinical institutions are almost nonexistent.
Nyamagabe District has got about 220 primary schools most of which are privately owned. Children attending primary school in the district are about 7,286 of which 3,571 are boys and 3,715 are girls. The minimum age required to start school is at 3 years and the maximum age is 5 years.
The average number of students per class is 33 pupils. The academic year for formal education is nine months divided into three semesters. There are 263 teachers of which 53 are men and 210 are women and most of these are well qualified. Most of these teachers work as volunteers and are occasionally paid by the parents.
Some of the primary schools are conducting there lessons from borrowed buildings that belong to churches or privately owned houses. There is no water and most of the toilets are in a abd state in most of these schools.
In spite of the efforts put forward by the District and parents to develop primary education due to many problems including inadequate scholastic materials, lack of enough classrooms to accommodate the big number of students, lack of access to electricity, absence of a harmonized curriculum, and absence of well trained teachers and incentive to moral boost them.